Red Flowering Currant

King Edward VII

Ribies sanguineum ‘King Edward VII blooming on a rainy day

As near as I can tell, this western North American native woody shrub (“discovered” in 1793 by Archibald Menzies, who traveled with Captain George Vancouver’s expeditions to explore the Pacific Northwest’s coastal regions) made its way across the Atlantic and returned decades later with smaller deeper pink flowers, an altered growth habit and numerous named cultivars, including a white form and the ubiquitous King Edward VII.

Ribies sanguineum  can’t be missed around the Pacific Northwest this time of year.  Gardners, humingbirds, hikers, homeowners and landscape professionals all are devotees of this deciduous beauty — whether the species or named varieties — even hungry deer have “appreciated” my King Edward VII cultivar!

In 1825, Scottish botanist David Douglas brought Ribies sanguineum  to the attention of the British horticultural heavyweights. Douglas was working for the newly founded Royal Horticultural Society when he was dispatched to the Pacific Northwest to collect plants for the RHS gardens in Chiswick, a village west of London. The plant Douglas popularized might have looked like the one pictured below blooming in my garden.

R. sanguineum

Northwest native Red Currant thriving on Vashon Island

According to Monty Don, writing in the online version of the UK’s Daily Mail, Douglas made a number of trips to the northwest, each involving clashes with Native Americans. However, Douglas’ death on his last trip did not come by the hands of Native Americans.  He fell into a pit set to trap wild cattle and was gored to death by an animal already captured and waiting below .

Bloom color in the following close-ups of King Edward VII and the species are similar,  the parentage is unmistakable.  For sure, King Edward has a less sprawling habit than the species, but to my eye both are early spring wonders.

detail species R sanguineum

R. sanguineum bloom detail- click image for viewer

detail R.sanguineum King Al VII

King Edward VII bloom detail – click image for viewer

If you’re intrigued by red flowering current and would like a succinct and compelling roundup of some garden worthy plants in the genus Ribes, check out this excellent  blog post by the garden writer Ketzel Levine.

2 thoughts on “Red Flowering Currant

  1. Hello, I am working with the Thurston Conservation District and we are having a native plant sale. Would you be willing to let us use your pictures of the red-flowering currant for our website? Thank you!

    • Hi Sadie,
      Yes. Use any of the pix from this post. When is your sale?
      I would appreciate if your web designer can put a small link to my blog’s URL, perhaps the mouse over code or something similar, “picture courtesy of Rain Garden Arts blog.”
      Thanks, and good luck with the sale!

      Bart

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